Dissolution of Corporations for Failure to Comply with the Corporations Tax Act, Revival of Corporations and Inactive Corporations

Bulletin 4006
Published: November 2003
Content last reviewed: September 2012
ISBN: 0-7794-2691-6 (PDF)

Publication Archived

Notice to the reader: Effective January 1, 2009, the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) administers Ontario's corporate income tax, capital tax, corporate minimum tax, and the special additional tax on life insurers.

As a result, the Corporations Tax Act provisions described on this page and in other publications are only applicable to taxation years ending December 31, 2008 and prior.

For taxation years beginning January 1, 2009, the Taxation Act rules apply.

This publication was archived and kept for historical purposes. Use caution when you refer to it, since it reflects the law in force at the time it was released and may no longer apply.

References: subsections 75(1), 75(4) and 75(5)

Application

This bulletin replaces Information Bulletin 4006R originally published March 2003.

This bulletin is provided as a guide to taxpayers and is not intended as a substitute for the relevant legislation. Any references to legislation are to the provisions of the CTA and its Regulations, unless otherwise noted.

This bulletin is applicable to corporations incorporated under the Business Corporations Act (Ontario) (BCA).

Dissolution of a Corporation

Dissolving a Corporation for Non-Compliance with the CTA

  1. It is imperative that corporations comply with all provisions of the CTA including the timely filing of returns and the payment of all taxes when due. In administering the enforcement provisions of the CTA, the Client Services Branch ("Branch"), will ensure compliance with the use of such measures as prosecutions through the Ontario Court of Justice for failure to file tax returns and the issuance of third party demands and warrants of execution for failure of a corporation to pay its taxes, interest and penalties. For information on penalties and fines including liabilities of officers, directors or agents for corporate offences, refer to Information Bulletin 4004.
  2. A corporation not filing its tax returns may receive a request from the Ministry of Finance (MOF) to do so. Failure to respond, after notice, may result in dissolution and the cancellation of the corporation's certificate of incorporation (charter.) The cancellation of the charter has serious implications, including:
    • the forfeiture to the Crown of any real or personal property of the corporation at the date of its dissolution,
    • the lapse of corporate limited liability and insurance coverage, and
    • the inability to apply tax losses.

Notice of Dissolution

  1. When considered necessary in the circumstances, the Branch will pursue dissolution of a corporation when, after notice has been given, the corporation fails to remedy its default. Notice, in this case, takes the form of a letter from the MOF mailed to the last known address of the corporation. The letter sets out a final date for the corporation to remedy its default before steps are taken to have the corporation dissolved by the Ministry of Government Services (MGS). Note that it is the responsibility of the corporation to ensure that the Branch is advised of any address changes on an ongoing basis.
  2. Section 241 of the BCA authorizes the MGS to dissolve a corporation when:
    • the Minister of Finance notifies the Director appointed under the BCA that the corporation is in default in complying with the provisions of the CTA, and
    • the Director appointed under the BCA gives the corporation notice by registered mail or by a one-time publication in The Ontario Gazette that an order dissolving the corporation will be issued unless it remedies its default within ninety days after the giving of this notice.

Revival of a Corporation

Requirements for Reviving a Corporation

  1. Subsection 241(5) of the BCA provides the Director appointed under the BCA with discretion, on the terms and conditions that the Director sees fit to impose, to revive a corporation which was dissolved for failure to comply with the provisions of the CTA. The corporation must first apply for the revival by filing Articles of Revival and paying a revival fee to MGS. In addition, the corporation must obtain, from the Branch, a consent to the revival and also submit it to the MGS. Before this consent is given, the Branch requires that all returns due for the period before and subsequent to the dissolution must be filed and all related taxes, penalties and interest owing must be paid.
  2. The Branch's letter of consent to revive is valid for 60 days after it is issued. If a corporation does not apply to the MGS for revival within 60 days of the consent, it must make a written request to the Branch for a new letter of consent. All conditions for issuing the new consent letter still apply, as before. No fee is charged by the Branch for the letter of consent to revive.

Effect of Revival on Corporation and Tax Losses

  1. Upon revival by the Director appointed under the BCA, the corporation will be legally restored to its previous status under subsection 241(5) of the BCA, including having the rights to all of its property and privileges as well as being bound by all of its liabilities, contracts and debts at the date of dissolution, as if it had never been dissolved, subject to the terms and conditions imposed by the Director and to the rights, if any, acquired by any person during the period of dissolution.
  2. The Branch considers that a revival under section 241(5) of the BCA restores any prior balances of the corporation's unutilized net capital and non-capital losses. Because the revival restores the corporation as if the charter cancellation did not occur and the taxation years continued without break, the taxation years between dissolution and revival will be counted within the normal time limits for applying its non-capital losses to future or prior taxation years.
  3. In most circumstances non-capital losses cannot be used to reduce income from business or,property earned between the time of dissolution and revival. The Branch, follows the position, adopted by the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) as stated in federal Interpretation, Bulletin IT-444R. CRA will consider attributing the income to the corporation only where the dissolution was unintentional and the corporation was revived within a short period of time. In all other cases, the income will be attributed to the person(s) who carried on the business of the corporation after dissolution.

Inactive Corporations

Where Inactive Corporations Fail to File Tax Returns

  1. In certain circumstances a corporation may become inactive, ceasing all its business operations and having no assets or income. As long as a corporation's articles of incorporation remain legally in force, the corporation must file either a tax return or an Exempt From Filing (EFF) Declaration. This requirement applies to all corporations, including those that have neither taxable income nor assets due to inactivity. For information on a corporation's filing requirements, refer to Information Bulletin 4001.
  2. Until a corporation formally dissolves, the charter remains legally in force and the corporation must continue to file an Ontario corporations tax return or an Exempt from Filing (EFF) Declaration. This requirement applies to all corporations, including those that have neither taxable income nor assets due to inactivity. Where an inactive corporation fails to file an Ontario corporations tax return or EFF Declaration, it is considered to be in default of filing. If the corporation no longer wants to retain its charter, it can voluntarily dissolve by contacting MGS. However, the corporation must first obtain a Letter of Consent from the Client Services Branch at 1 800  262-0784 ext. 6666. A Letter of Consent will only be issued after a corporation has filed an Ontario corporation tax return or an EFF Declaration as applicable for each outstanding tax year and paid all outstanding tax liabilities. The return for the final year must be marked "Final to Dissolution". Once the corporation has been formally dissolved through MGS, the corporation will no longer be required to file tax returns/EFF Declarations. Articles of Dissolutions are available from the ServiceOntario website. An Information Sheet on this subject is also available online.

Reviving a Voluntarily Dissolved Corporation

  1. Where a corporation is voluntarily dissolved, it may be revived only by a special act of the legislature (private members bill). The MGS cannot revive the corporation in the manner described in paragraphs 5 and 6 above.
 
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