2014 Ontario Budget
Chapter I: Ontario’s Decade — A 10-Year Plan for the Economy


Planning to invest over $130 billion in public infrastructure over the next 10 years, including:

  • Dedicating funding to make nearly $29 billion available over the next 10 years for transportation infrastructure.
  • Investing a total of $2.5 billion in 2014–15 for highway rehabilitation and expansion projects across the province.
  • Supporting municipal roads and bridges through a new permanent $100 million fund.
  • Making critical repairs in hospitals to help better provide high-quality health care to patients by providing additional funding of almost $700 million over the next 10 years.
  • Providing more than $11 billion over the next 10 years for elementary and secondary education infrastructure.
  • Funding critical maintenance repairs in the postsecondary sector by providing additional funding of approximately $500 million over the next 10 years.
  • Committing up to $1 billion towards infrastructure development for the Ring of Fire contingent on matching investment by the federal government.
  • Delivering more infrastructure projects through the Alternative Financing and Procurement model.

Section B: Building Modern Infrastructure

Ontario’s continued investments in infrastructure have helped to make the province one of the best places in the world to live, work and invest. Since 2003, Ontario has invested nearly $100 billion in hospitals, schools and transportation infrastructure, which has made Ontario a safer, more competitive and more productive province, and resulted in a large and diverse provincial infrastructure system.

Since 2003, the Province’s infrastructure investments have supported an average of 100,000 jobs each year, in construction and related industries. These strategic investments, focused in areas consistent with the Province’s long-term infrastructure plan, Building Together, have resulted in:

  • 100 major hospital projects built or underway, including 23 new hospitals;
  • Nearly 650 new schools opened, planned or under construction;
  • More than 27,000 school renewal projects completed or underway, including replacing leaky roofs, drafty windows and old boilers in schools across the province;
  • Over 7,900 kilometres of new or repaired provincial highways — more than twice the driving distance between Toronto and Calgary, including over 4,000 kilometres in Northern Ontario;
  • More than 950 new or repaired bridges on provincial highways, which represents 34 per cent of all provincial bridges and structures;
  • An overall increase of 63 per cent in the GO Transit fleet size, including more than 200 new GO Transit commuter rail cars and 47 new double-deck GO buses; and
  • Five new consolidated courthouses, providing easier access to courts.

Even with all these investments, the Province recognizes that challenges lie ahead. As suggested in Ontario’s Long-Term Report on the Economy, the Province’s projected population growth will result in significant demand for all types of infrastructure, including transportation, health care and education. That is why the Province has introduced a new 10-year economic plan to invest over $130 billion in public infrastructure. World-class infrastructure drives economic growth and prosperity and enhances Ontarians’ quality of life by:

  • Directly supporting jobs today in construction and indirectly through related industries;
  • Creating jobs in the future by attracting private-sector investment;
  • Reducing business costs by making the movement of goods more efficient;
  • Allowing firms to access more talented employees;
  • Helping manage congestion and commute times by providing more transportation choices;
  • Providing a modern and efficient health care system that meets the needs of an aging population;
  • Building schools, colleges and universities to support an educated workforce; and
  • Making Ontario’s communities better for families and individuals.

Public Infrastructure Investments Benefit Ontario’s Economy

A growing body of research demonstrates the significant economic benefits of public infrastructure.

  • A 2013 Conference Board of Canada report cited Ontario’s current and planned real infrastructure investments from 2006 to 2014, and estimated that:
    • each $1 invested in public infrastructure in Ontario raises gross domestic product by $1.14 in the near term; and
    • public infrastructure spending adds over $1,000 to the average annual income of Ontarians in 2014 and lowers the unemployment rate by about one percentage point compared to what it would have been in the absence of these investments.
  • A 2009 Statistics Canada report estimated that on average roughly 50 per cent of Canada’s multifactor productivity growth, representing about 10 per cent of labour productivity growth overall, in the private sector between 1962 and 2006 was the result of growth in public infrastructure.
  • Between 1995 and 2006, U.S. business sector productivity growth outpaced that of Canada and Ontario by about 20 per cent in total. This occurred while the stock of U.S. infrastructure rose by almost 25 per cent compared to a 3.5 per cent decline in Canada.

Underinvesting in public infrastructure in times of strong economic growth has made investing in more challenging times more difficult.

Investing in infrastructure through Ontario’s new 10-year economic plan will continue to help stimulate the economy, create jobs, and increase prosperity and fairness for Ontarians. Ontario’s planned infrastructure investments would support over 110,000 jobs on average each year in construction and related industries.

Ontario’s commitment to support long-term infrastructure planning and a stronger economy will go even further. The Province has introduced Bill 141, the Infrastructure for Jobs and Prosperity Act, 2014, which, if passed, would set out principles and criteria to help improve infrastructure planning and prioritization, promote high-quality infrastructure design, and enhance the involvement of apprentices in certain provincial infrastructure projects.

By making long-term investments in infrastructure, Ontario will maintain its status as one of the best places in the world to live, work and invest. The Province will continue to ensure that Ontarians have the best quality of life possible and that businesses can be as productive as possible to succeed in the global economy.

Making Strategic Investments in Roads, Bridges and Public Transit

Moving Goods to Market Faster

Investment in the province’s highways, bridges and other transportation infrastructure helps manage congestion and travel times on key corridors and at international gateways, and strengthens access to important export markets in the United States and abroad.

Over the last decade, the Province’s record investments in the provincial highway network have shown significant results, including:

Northern Highways Investments

  • Over 4,000 kilometres of new or repaired provincial highways.
  • Approximately 50 kilometres of new four-laned highway between Sudbury and Parry Sound along Highway 69 to date.
  • Construction of the new Nipigon River Bridge, which will be the first cable stay bridge on the provincial highway system.

Southern Highways Investments

  • Almost 3,800 kilometres of new or repaired provincial highways.
  • Major expansion projects including 78 kilometres of new high-occupancy vehicle (HOV) lane projects.
  • The Right Honourable Herb Gray Parkway, which will be the most significant single highway investment made in Ontario history when it opens in 2014–15.

The government is committed to preserving these gains, making further improvements and continuing to build for the future. In 2014–15, investments totalling $2.5 billion are planned for highway rehabilitation and expansion projects across the province, an increase of approximately $400 million above 2013–14 levels.

Key projects scheduled to start construction this year include:

  • Highway 407 East Phase 2, from Harmony Road in Oshawa to Highway 35/115 in Clarington, including the East Durham Link;
  • HOV lane projects on sections of Highway 410, through Mississauga and Brampton, and on Highway 427, through Mississauga and Vaughan;
  • Widening Highway 401 near Cobourg;
  • Widening an additional 11 kilometres of Highway 69 between Parry Sound and Sudbury, as part of the ongoing expansion of Highway 69; and
  • Realignment of Highway 66 through the community of Virginiatown, east of Kirkland Lake.

In addition, the following projects are planned to support growth and improve traffic flow:

  • Expanding two sections of Highway 11/17 to four lanes, east of Thunder Bay to west of Nipigon, beginning in 2015–16;
  • Proceeding with a new four-lane alignment on Highway 7 between Kitchener and Guelph. Property acquisition is underway and advance construction work will begin in the fall of 2015; and
  • Adding new HOV lanes on Highway 401 through Halton and Peel Regions, beginning in 2019–20.

Extending Highway 427 from Highway 7 to Major Mackenzie Drive in York Region

This project is currently planned to start construction in 2016–17. The Ministry of Transportation has completed the preliminary design and received environmental assessment clearance for the project, and is moving forward as quickly as possible with obtaining the required property and making arrangements for utility relocations.

Moving Ontario Forward

New Dedicated Funds for Investment in Transportation Infrastructure

Premier Kathleen Wynne announced a bold new plan to make nearly $29 billion available for investment over the next 10 years in public transit, transportation infrastructure, and other priority infrastructure projects across the province. In total, the Province plans to invest over $130 billion in infrastructure over the next 10 years.

Ontario’s new plan for dedicated funds for public transit, transportation infrastructure, and other priority infrastructure projects is based on the following principles:

  • The two new dedicated funds should be supported by dedicated sources of revenue;
  • New dedicated revenue sources should not increase taxes on low- to middle-income individuals;
  • Allocating dedicated funds proceeds between the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area (GTHA) and the rest of the province should be done in a way that is fair, accountable and transparent;
  • Dedicated funds proceeds should be substantially applied to specific transportation and other critical infrastructure projects; and
  • The two new dedicated funds should be transparent and managed with strong accountability mechanisms.

The government will not increase the tax on gasoline, the Harmonized Sales Tax (HST), education property taxes, or personal income taxes on low- to middle-income individuals.

Two new dedicated funds would be created to support infrastructure projects that are essential to Ontario’s immediate and long-term economic growth and job creation:

  • The Province would dedicate a new fund to help address congestion in the GTHA; and
  • New dedicated funding would also be set aside to invest in roads, bridges, public transit and other critical infrastructure outside the GTHA.

As the proceeds for these new dedicated funds would be raised province-wide, it is proposed that they be allocated to the GTHA and the rest of the province using census data from Statistics Canada. By allocating the proceeds to the two funds by population, the Province would ensure that the allocation is fair, accountable and transparent.

TABLE 1.1 Dedicated Funding for Public Transit and Transportation Infrastructure (2014–15 to 2023–24)
($ Billions)
  2014–15 2015–16 2016–17 10 Years
Available for Investment in the GTHA 1.7 1.7 1.6 15.0
Available for Investment Outside the GTHA 1.6 1.6 1.4 13.9
Total 3.3 3.3 3.0 28.9
Note: Totals include available net new borrowing for public transit, transportation infrastructure and other priority projects.

Committing to dedicated funding for public transit and transportation infrastructure delivers on a key recommendation made by Metrolinx in its Investment Strategy, released in May 2013, and by the Transit Investment Strategy Advisory Panel in its final report, released in December 2013.

Dedicated funding would support infrastructure investments that would improve the quality of life of Ontarians by addressing congestion, helping commuters get home to their families sooner, connecting people with existing and future jobs, and meeting the needs of future generations.

Dedicated funds for public transit and transportation infrastructure would be supported by:

  • Dedicating proceeds from 7.5 cents of the existing provincial gasoline tax to public transit and transportation infrastructure priorities, starting in 2014–15. This would be over and above the existing gas tax funding provided to municipalities, with no increase to the tax rate from its current level.
  • Dedicating proceeds from the following proposed targeted revenue measures to public transit, transportation infrastructure and other priority projects:
    • Restricting large corporations from claiming the small business deduction;
    • Restricting the fuel tax exemption for road-building machines; and
    • Phasing in an increase of four cents per litre to the tax rate on aviation fuel over four years.

See Chapter V: A Fair and Efficient Tax System for more information.

  • Repurposing revenues from the existing HST charged on the current provincial taxes on gasoline and road diesel across the province towards public transit, transportation infrastructure and other key infrastructure priorities.

The dedicated funds would also be supplemented by:

  • Leveraging provincial borrowing, when needed, and including proceeds from green bonds to help finance transit and other environmentally friendly infrastructure projects across the province.
  • Allocating net revenue gains from certain asset sales through the proposed Trillium Trust, a special fund to be dedicated to Ontario’s key infrastructure.
  • Working with the federal government to secure federal funding through the Building Canada Plan for key transportation-related projects throughout the province.
  • Dedicating net revenue gains from high-occupancy toll lanes when they become available.

These two dedicated funds would provide new and stable funding to support priority projects as they are constructed. Once the funds are established, the Province would track new spending on projects, ensuring transparency and accountability for all Ontarians. An online portal would report publicly on project funding and implementation progress.

Allocating the Dedicated Funds

The GTHA is one of the fastest growing metropolitan areas in North America. The population of the GTHA has greatly increased since the mid-1970s, rising from 3.6 million in 1976 to over 7.0 million in 2013. This region has seen significantly faster growth than the rest of the province over this period, such that today 52 per cent of Ontarians live in the GTHA, up from 43 per cent in 1976.

These demographic trends continue to put pressure on the transportation infrastructure system in the GTHA, causing longer commuting times for families and individuals, increased congestion on the roads and a less productive province.

That is why the Province is committed to taking action to provide relief.

Proceeds from the dedicated fund for the GTHA would be invested exclusively in public transit priorities that address congestion and improve mobility throughout the region. Proceeds would be used to build priority projects included in Metrolinx’s regional transportation plan, The Big Move, and for other potential projects that support economic development and improve mobility, such as the East Bayfront Light Rail Transit (LRT) project on Toronto’s waterfront. This would build on the first wave of projects, such as the Eglinton Crosstown LRT line and Union Pearson Express, and the Bloor-Danforth subway extension in Scarborough.

The government recognizes continued expansion towards two-way, all-day GO Transit rail service as a priority. GO Transit improvements on all corridors would include additional track, grade separations, improved signalling, station improvements and additional fleet, which are all building blocks towards two-way, all-day service. In addition, analysis is underway on a proposal to electrify the GO rail system to deliver service at intervals as frequent as 15 minutes.

The Big Move identifies additional GO service as critical to developing the regional rapid transit network, and all-day, two-way express rail service as part of the solution.

The Province has asked Metrolinx to begin work immediately to examine opportunities to move GO service towards a regional express rail, providing fast and frequent electrified service on all corridors at intervals as frequent as 15 minutes. This would represent a game-changer in how people move about the region, and enhance ridership and efficiency on GO Transit and other projects that connect to the network as well.

The Province will work with Metrolinx and municipalities on how best to prioritize transit investments through the use of rigorous business-case analyses. These analyses will help prioritize Next Wave projects that could be accommodated within the Province’s dedicated fund for the GTHA and provide the best value for Ontarians.

Priority Projects within the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area (GTHA)

Beyond the existing GO network, priority projects within the GTHA would be drawn from the Next Wave of Metrolinx projects included in The Big Move:

  • GO Rail Service Expansion (more two-way, all-day and rush-hour service);
  • GO Lakeshore Express Rail Service (including electrification);
  • Electrification of the GO Kitchener line and Union Pearson Express;
  • Brampton Queen Street Rapid Transit;
  • Dundas Street Bus Rapid Transit;
  • Durham-Scarborough Bus Rapid Transit;
  • Hamilton Rapid Transit;
  • Hurontario-Main LRT linking Mississauga and Brampton;
  • Relief Line; and
  • Yonge North Subway Expansion to York Region.

Outside the GTHA, the new dedicated fund would be used to support important infrastructure projects. Projects that enhance economic growth and address critical local, regional and provincial needs would be identified through an evidence-based process in partnership with Ontario regions and communities.

Priority Projects Outside the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area (GTHA)

The new dedicated fund would be used to support initiatives outside the GTHA, such as:

  • Local and regional transit, roads, bridges and other critical infrastructure;
  • Infrastructure development in the Ring of Fire;
  • Funding for bus and rail infrastructure for the Ontario Northland Transportation Commission;
  • Strategic highway improvements; and
  • Other projects to be identified through Building Canada Plan negotiations with the federal government.

Creating More Transit Options for Commuters

Since 2003, Ontario has invested more than $19.3 billion to support public transit across the province, including approximately $9.1 billion in GO Transit. Through Metrolinx, the Province is leading the development of an integrated and coordinated transportation system across the GTHA.

Projects Underway

The first wave of projects in Metrolinx’s Regional Transportation Plan, The Big Move, currently funded and underway includes:

  • Modern rapid transit in Toronto, beginning with the Eglinton Crosstown LRT project. Tunnelling for this project began in June 2013;
  • Revitalization of Union Station, including improved platform access, a new train shed roof, and a new concourse. The new York Street concourse is expected to open by the end of 2014, and the train shed roof is expected to be completed in 2016;
  • Dedicated rapid transit bus lanes in both York Region and Mississauga. Portions of the rapid transit lanes opened in York Region in August 2013, and will open in Mississauga this year;
  • Union Pearson Express, a dedicated rail link, between Toronto Pearson International Airport and Union Station, which is expected to begin service in 2015, in time for the Pan/Parapan American Games. Construction on the new Terminal 1 station began in March 2013 and is nearing completion; and
  • Preliminary design and engineering work on the Sheppard East LRT and Finch West LRT.

Actions Underway to Expand GO Transit

The government recently announced its commitment to double current service frequency between Kitchener and Toronto, from four to eight train trips per day in 2016. To support this, Metrolinx recently reached an agreement in principle to purchase the 53-kilometre rail corridor between Georgetown and Kitchener. This purchase would add significantly to the section of the Kitchener corridor that Metrolinx already owns and would provide additional flexibility and control to help improve service and reliability for GO commuters on the corridor. This is part of the government’s commitment to deliver full-day, two-way GO train service.

Municipal Transit Projects

The Province also continues to support key municipal transit projects, including:

  • Waterloo’s 36-kilometre rapid transit corridor, with a provincial investment of up to $300 million, connecting the three major urban centres of Cambridge, Kitchener and Waterloo. Construction of the adapted bus rapid transit (aBRT) component is expected to be completed by early 2015;
  • Extension of the Yonge-University-Spadina subway line to York University and into Vaughan, with a provincial investment of $870 million. Tunnelling for this project was completed in November 2013;
  • Construction of Ottawa’s 12.5-kilometre LRT project, the Confederation Line, with a provincial investment of up to $600 million. Work has begun on the 2.5-kilometre downtown tunnel;
  • Renewal of Toronto’s streetcar fleet, with a provincial investment of up to $416 million. The new streetcars began on-street testing in March 2013; and
  • Extension of Toronto’s Bloor-Danforth subway line through Scarborough, with a provincial commitment of up to $1.48 billion. Work on the environmental assessment is expected to begin soon.

Sharing Provincial Gas Tax Revenues with Municipalities

Ontario provides significant ongoing funding for municipal transit systems across the province by sharing two cents per litre of provincial gas tax revenues. Since 2004, the Province has committed more than $2.7 billion in gas tax funding. This program is now a guaranteed source of funding for eligible municipalities to improve and expand their transit services.

Modernizing Infrastructure in Communities across Ontario

Investing in Municipal Infrastructure

Recognizing that many critical services across Ontario rely on well-planned, well-built and well-maintained local infrastructure, the Province launched its Municipal Infrastructure Strategy in 2012 to help address local infrastructure challenges over the long term.

Recent Municipal Infrastructure Investments

The Province has made nearly $200 million available under the Municipal Infrastructure Strategy to help municipalities prepare asset management plans and address critical road, bridge, water and wastewater projects, including:

  • Northern Bruce Peninsula: Paving and widening Cemetery Road to improve safety;
  • Sault Ste. Marie: Widening Second Line East to address increased traffic and pedestrian safety;
  • Sault Ste. Marie and Prince Township: Rehabilitation of single-lane bridges;
  • Wasaga Beach: Widening Schoonertown Bridge to four lanes and adding full sidewalks on both sides, improving safety for vehicles, cyclists and pedestrians;
  • Adjala-Tosorontio: Replacing Bridge #9 with a two-lane bridge to improve safety and accommodate increased traffic;
  • North Kawartha Township: Reconstruction of Jeff Road and Clydesdale Road; and
  • Northumberland County: Rehabilitation of the CPR Overhead Bridge.

The Province is continuing its support for strong communities under the Municipal Infrastructure Strategy through the new permanent municipal roads and bridges fund of $100 million per year, which will be launched this spring. The new permanent fund for municipal roads and bridges will continue support for the most critical projects in communities with challenging fiscal circumstances. It will also continue to provide support for municipal asset management planning. The new permanent fund of $100 million for municipal roads and bridges will include application- and formula-based funding for eligible municipalities, with an objective of transitioning to full formula-based funding over time.

Infrastructure Ontario Loan Program

The Province also supports municipal infrastructure through Infrastructure Ontario’s Loan Program, which has provided over 650 loans to support approximately 1,700 municipal projects with a total value of $8.6 billion.

More Access to Health Care

The Province is taking steps to ensure that the health care sector continues to offer quality service while protecting sustainability of the system for future generations. Over the past 10 years, more than $21 billion has been invested in health infrastructure, including 100 major hospital projects built or underway.

Ontario plans to invest over $11.4 billion in capital grants in major hospital expansion or redevelopment projects over the next 10 years. This would support more than 40 projects that are under construction or in various stages of planning and include the construction or expansion of surgical and cancer treatment services. By 2025, Ontario will benefit from these modern hospital facilities that offer quality services.

TABLE 1.2 Examples of Major Hospitals Built, Underway or in Planning
Cornwall Community Hospital Ontario is consolidating acute and rehabilitation hospital services from two separate locations onto one site for the Cornwall Community Hospital. Construction is currently underway on renovations and a new hospital wing.
Mackenzie Vaughan Hospital Ontario is moving forward with the new Mackenzie Vaughan Hospital, with construction scheduled to start in the fall of 2015. This project will include a state-of-the-art emergency department and technologically advanced diagnostic imaging.
Mount Sinai Hospital’s Women’s and Infants’ Project Ontario is making progress on Mount Sinai Hospital’s Women’s and Infants’ Project in Toronto, which will add six new floors and renovate existing space to meet patient needs. The project involves the construction of a new labour and delivery unit, new neonatal intensive care unit, as well as support service areas and expanded ambulatory care space.
Renfrew Regional Dialysis Program Ontario’s investment to expand the dialysis facility at Renfrew Victoria Hospital will reduce the need for patients to commute to Ottawa to meet their dialysis needs. The project will expand patient treatment and support areas, including an increased number of hemodialysis treatment stations.
Royal Victoria Regional Health Centre Ontario’s investment in the Royal Victoria Regional Health Centre’s Expansion Project doubled the size of the existing facility and added the Simcoe Muskoka Regional Cancer Centre. The new cancer centre is providing comprehensive care to cancer patients throughout Simcoe County and the District of Muskoka. The project included space for two future patient care units, which will help the hospital continue to meet the health care needs of a growing and aging community.
Woodstock General Hospital Ontario recently completed construction of a state-of-the-art facility for Woodstock General Hospital, with expanded programs and improved delivery of quality health care. At three storeys high and 350,000 square feet, the new hospital is more than double the size of the previous facility and allows health care professionals to offer a full range of clinical services and programs, from critical care to outpatient acute mental health services.

The Province’s plan for building a sustainable public health care system is delivering the right care, at the right time, in the right place. To support this transformation, the government is providing additional funding of $300 million over 10 years to help shift care from hospitals to community settings and ensure adequate infrastructure capacity in the health care sector.

This includes the creation of a dedicated Community Infrastructure Renewal Fund that would help community organizations such as Public Health Units, Family Health Teams and Nurse Practitioner-Led Clinics. This dedicated fund will give community partners the capital support needed to provide Ontarians with more health care options.

The Province will also increase infrastructure funding for Community Health Centres, community-based mental health and addiction programs, and Aboriginal Health Access Centres.

Building Capacity in the Community: Birth Centres

While many women and families choose to deliver their children in a hospital environment, others opt for care at home or in another supportive setting.

To enhance choice for families, Ontario has supported the establishment of two new birth centres — the Ottawa Birth and Wellness Centre and the Toronto Birth Centre — which opened in 2014. Each of the new birthing centres will be able to accommodate up to 450 births a year.

By offering women a home-like and family-centred setting in the community, where they can have a midwife-attended birth, Ontario is providing pregnant mothers and their families with more choice for healthy deliveries closer to home. Midwife-led birth centres are a proven, safe and cost-effective alternative to hospital deliveries.

Over the next 10 years, the Province is providing additional funding of almost $700 million to address deferred maintenance in hospitals. This investment would double funding available to hospitals for repairs. Maintaining hospital facilities is necessary to ensure an efficient health care system.

Supporting a Highly Skilled and Innovative Workforce

A strong education system and the capacity for leading-edge research are foundations of a successful economy and a central part of Ontario’s 10-year economic plan.

Since 2003, Ontario has invested $12 billion in education infrastructure and another $4 billion in postsecondary infrastructure. These investments have resulted in nearly 650 new schools being opened, planned or under construction; 27,000 school renewal projects (including replacing leaky roofs, drafty windows and old boilers); and 23 major expansion projects at colleges and universities. Full-time enrolment in Ontario’s postsecondary system has grown by over 160,000 since 2003 — more than in any decade in the province’s history. To ensure a strong education system now and into the future, the Province is continuing to make important investments in education and postsecondary infrastructure.

Over the next 10 years, the Province plans to provide more than $11 billion in capital grants to school boards to continue building better places to learn and support consolidations of elementary and secondary schools. Capital investments will help build new schools to address growth pressures in areas such as Milton, Brampton, Barrhaven and Ancaster. These infrastructure investments will align with demographic trends and help meet the needs of changing communities.

TABLE 1.3  Examples of School Projects Built or Underway
CS Viamonde
ÉÉP/ÉSP Ronald-Marion – Pickering (JK–12)
Ontario built a new elementary and secondary school in Pickering that added a total of 676 pupil places for more students to better serve French-language rights-holders, and introduced full-day kindergarten to the community.
CS Viamonde
ÉÉP Laure-Rièse – Scarborough
Ontario built a new elementary school in Scarborough that added 334 new elementary pupil places for more students and allowed the retirement of an inadequate facility.
CSDC Centre-Sud
ÉÉC Saint-Michel – Scarborough
Ontario built a new elementary school in Scarborough that added a total of 201 pupil places for more students to better serve French-language rights-holders and introduced full-day kindergarten to the community.
Peel DSB
Dundas Fairview
Ontario is building a new elementary school in Mississauga that will add 615 new elementary pupil places for more students to accommodate local growth and introduce full-day kindergarten to the community.
Peel DSB
Fletcher’s Meadow
Ontario is building a new elementary school in Brampton that will add 800 new elementary pupil places for more students to accommodate local growth and introduce full-day kindergarten to the community.
Halton DSB
Dr. Frank J Hayden Secondary School
Ontario is building a new school in Halton that will add 1,194 new secondary pupil places for more students to accommodate local growth.
London Catholic DSB
Saint Andre Bessette Catholic Secondary School
Ontario has built a new secondary school in London that accommodates 1,008 pupil places.
Rainbow DSB
MacLeod PS
Ontario has built a new elementary school in Sudbury that opened in March 2014. The new school accommodates 600 elementary pupil places.
CÉC du Centre-Est
ÉÉC Sainte-Kateri – Barrhaven
Ontario built a new elementary school in Barrhaven that added a total of 388 pupil places for more students to accommodate growth, and introduced full-day kindergarten to the community.
Ottawa Carleton DSB
South March Elementary
Ontario is making a new addition to South March PS in Kanata that will add 285 new elementary pupil places for more students, address overcrowding and introduce full-day kindergarten to the community.

Renewing Elementary and Secondary Education Infrastructure

Over the next 10 years, the Province will provide over $4.2 billion to help address school repair needs. Funding will target critical needs in the sector and improve school conditions, support a safe and healthy learning environment for students and modernize classrooms, as well as help school boards reduce operating costs associated with aging infrastructure.

Better Matching of Schools to Community Needs

To achieve long-term sustainability in school board funding, the Province has been working closely with education partners on the School Board Efficiencies and Modernization Strategy. School boards are already looking at ways to drive operating efficiencies in the system and achieve savings.

Across the province, over 600 schools are operating at below 50 per cent capacity. To better utilize existing school infrastructure and reduce excess capacity in the system, Ontario has announced $750 million over four years in new capital funding to support school consolidations. This funding would support consolidations through retrofits, additions to existing schools, or the construction of new facilities. The Province will give priority to projects where there is collaboration between two or more school boards on new capital projects. These investments are expected to help school boards transition to a more modern and efficient operating landscape. By becoming more efficient and reducing surplus space in the system, school boards can focus limited resources in the classroom.

Despite overall declining enrolment in the elementary and secondary sector, some communities are experiencing rapid growth. More than 1,000 schools are operating over capacity.

By 2025, schools will better match enrolment and growth trends, with fewer schools that are drastically under capacity and more collaboration between boards for joint use of space. The importance of schools to small, more isolated communities will continue to be recognized through this process.

Increasing Access to Postsecondary Institutions

Ontario will continue to expand its postsecondary education infrastructure in areas where student demand is strong and where there are gaps in access. This will support the Province’s growing knowledge-based economy.

To ensure that more students have access to high-quality learning, closer to home, the Province is working to build new or expanded campuses in communities across Ontario. In March 2014, the Province launched a call for proposals as the first step in a formal, transparent and competitive process to evaluate decisions about future expansions. Once completed, new campuses, or major expansions at existing campuses, will provide new opportunities for students to access high-quality postsecondary education in currently underserved communities. These locations will create additional spaces to help Ontario achieve its goal of a 70 per cent attainment rate.

Over the next 10 years, the Province is also providing additional funding of almost $500 million to address critical maintenance repairs in the postsecondary sector. These investments will fund critical repairs and upgrades to existing buildings. Maintaining college and university facilities is essential to promoting safe and effective learning environments for postsecondary students.

TABLE 1.4 Expansion Projects at Postsecondary Institutions
Built, Underway or in Planning
Carleton University’s MacOdrum Library Extension in Ottawa Ontario helped to support the expansion and renovation of the MacOdrum Library at Carleton University, which opened in December 2013. The library expansion will help promote Ontario as a leader in research and innovation, giving researchers across the country the opportunity to access, collect and share information.
Centennial College’s Aerospace Campus
at Downsview
Ontario is supporting the relocation of Centennial College’s aerospace training programs to Downsview Park, providing opportunities for future expansion in the aerospace industry, including by Bombardier, and helping to create the next generation of manufacturing in the province.
Lakehead University's New Faculty of Law
in Thunder Bay
Ontario supported the construction of Lakehead University’s new Faculty of Law, Northern Ontario’s first law school, which welcomed its inaugural class in September 2013. The Faculty of Law focuses on issues such as access to justice in northern and rural communities as well as Aboriginal and natural resource law.
Laurentian University’s New School of Architecture in Sudbury Ontario is investing in Laurentian University’s new School of Architecture. The new bilingual school will help northern architecture students study closer to their families and the communities where they grew up. The first phase of the new School of Architecture was completed in 2013.
Niagara College’s Industry Innovation Centre Ontario is supporting a permanent Industry Innovation Centre at Niagara College. The state-of-the-art facility will allow Ontario-based manufacturers to access business services, equipment, research and expertise provided by the faculty and students at Niagara College.
Sault College’s Student Health and Wellness Centre This new Centre, which opened in the fall of 2013, will play an important role in helping to provide Northern Ontario with well-trained health professionals. The new Health and Wellness Centre will feature modern labs and health facilities and will be used to deliver specialized health programs to a growing number of students.
Seneca College’s King Campus Expansion Ontario is helping Seneca College build new classrooms, state-of-the-art learning labs and study spaces for students at their King Campus. More classrooms and labs will allow new courses to be offered at the King Campus to better serve the growing needs of York Region families.

Supporting Development in Northern Ontario’s Ring of Fire

Ontario’s northwestern region is expected to experience significant growth in mineral exploration and mining development over the coming decades. The region’s Ring of Fire area — rich with chromite, nickel, gold and other deposits —will create enormous business and growth opportunities for the province’s mining and supporting industries.

The Province continues to take concrete steps towards the development of the Ring of Fire in a smart, sustainable and collaborative way.

The Province and nine Matawa-member First Nation communities recently signed a regional framework agreement — a first step in a historic, community-based negotiation process that ensures Ontario and impacted First Nations can work together to advance Ring of Fire opportunities.

Ontario is establishing a multi-stakeholder development corporation to accelerate infrastructure development and provide a business structure for decision-making. The development corporation will be responsible for constructing, financing, operating and maintaining infrastructure that will open access to the Ring of Fire. A facilitator is working with private and public partners, including key mining companies, First Nations and the federal government, creating guiding principles for the development corporation, and will seek consensus on the corporation’s next steps.

The Province is willing to commit up to $1 billion towards infrastructure development, contingent on matching investment by the federal government. This would ensure that the necessary infrastructure investments, estimated to be over $2 billion, would proceed.

Significant output will be produced from Ontario’s Ring of Fire, which would have a great economic impact on the entire country, creating thousands of direct and indirect jobs and providing more opportunities for Aboriginal communities. As the federal government has supported the oil sands in Alberta and offshore oil in Newfoundland and Labrador, it must not pass over development of the Ring of Fire — an economic opportunity of national importance.

See Chapter III: Federal Underfunding of Ontarians for more information.

Maximizing the Value of Public Infrastructure in Ontario

Revitalizing Assets

The Province is revitalizing assets to support Ontario’s economic growth and social well-being, including healthy and vibrant communities.

Lakeview Redevelopment

The Province and the City of Mississauga are focused on realizing the potential of the Lakeview lands in southeastern Mississauga. As a first step, a memorandum of understanding was signed in 2011 between the City, the Province and Ontario Power Generation that committed to working together on a shared vision for the future of the Lakeview lands. Moving forward, these partners will continue to work with local residents to plan and design their future community with a balanced mix of commercial, residential and recreational development. The City expects the master plan for the area to be finished by the summer of 2014. Acting today to build Lakeview’s future will help realize the full potential of an important asset for Ontario.

Ottawa River Action Plan

Ontario will continue to improve local infrastructure to enrich communities and regions while supporting jobs. For example, the Ottawa River Action Plan is a core infrastructure project that would promote healthy lifestyles and environmental sustainability, and create jobs for the City of Ottawa and region.

Ontario Place Revitalization

The Province is committed to transforming Ontario Place into a year-round, multi-use waterfront destination that attracts Ontarians and visitors alike. As a first step, the Province announced the development of the Urban Park and Waterfront trail. Work on the park and trail is underway and is expected to be complete and open to the public in 2015.

Leveraging Private-Sector Expertise

Ontario is recognized as a global leader in public-private partnerships. The Province uses Alternative Financing and Procurement (AFP), a made-in-Ontario, public-private partnership model, to consistently deliver valuable public infrastructure on time and on budget.

The Province continues to support better public services by modernizing public infrastructure and real estate assets. Infrastructure and real estate projects are resulting in economic benefits for Ontario, growth opportunities for Ontario companies, and employment opportunities for Ontarians.

  • Through Infrastructure Ontario (IO), the Province is delivering over 80 AFP projects valued at about $35 billion in capital costs. Projects under construction or completed have an estimated $3 billion in value-for-money savings.
  • A recent review of 30 completed projects found that 29 were completed at or below budget, and 28 were completed on, ahead of, or within three months of schedule.

Examples of Award-Winning Alternative Financing and Procurement (AFP) Projects

The AFP model is delivering value for Ontarians by maintaining project budgets and schedules while delivering award-winning designs. Examples include:

Bridgepoint Hospital

  • Bridgepoint Hospital and Infrastructure Ontario partnered with Plenary Health to design, build, finance and maintain the new facility for 30 years after completion. It contains a complex of different buildings including the old Don Jail, which is used for offices. The centre won Canadian Architect magazine’s Award of Excellence in 2008.

Durham Region Courthouse

  • The first provincial consolidated courthouse project delivered by IO was awarded a Royal Architectural Institute of Canada Award of Excellence in 2011.

2015 Pan/Parapan American Athletes’ Village

  • The Athletes’ Village is the largest infrastructure project associated with the 2015 Pan/Parapan American Games. The village is expected to house 10,000 athletes, coaches and team officials for the duration of the Games. After the Games, the village will become a mixed-use neighbourhood with affordable housing, new condominiums, a YMCA and a residence for George Brown College students. This project won Canadian Architect magazine’s Award of Excellence in 2012.
  • The Games and Games-related investments will create more than 26,000 new jobs.

Moving forward, the Province will use the AFP model to expand the Milton District Hospital and address the care needs of one of Ontario’s fastest growing communities. The expansion project will focus on increasing the most in-demand services and facilities at the hospital, including emergency, surgical, critical care, maternal newborn, diagnostic imaging and support services, as well as medical/surgical inpatient units.

In addition, the Province is proceeding with a new courthouse in the Toronto area using the AFP model. The new facility will address capacity pressures in aging facilities and consolidate Ontario Court of Justice operations from five different locations into one centralized site, realizing savings of more than $700 million over 30 years by moving out of third-party leased spaces. The new courthouse will enable more effective, innovative and responsive delivery of justice services and increase access to social justice programs in the city.

“It’s not every day that clear solutions are found to fund infrastructure projects. Public-private partnerships provide a win-win solution for solving our infrastructure deficit and provide immediate and sustainable economic growth.”

Joseph Mancinelli, Laborers’ International Union of North America, Vice President and Regional Manager for Central & Eastern Canada, November 7, 2013.

Modernizing Energy Infrastructure

Supporting Investments in Clean Energy

By 2003, years of underinvestment in generation and transmission had left Ontario with an aging energy infrastructure, a supply shortage and a system that relied on expensive imports. The province relied on dirty coal-fired power, a privatization scheme in the sector had failed and, worst of all, Ontario residents and businesses could never be sure if the lights would come on when they flipped the switch. Furthermore, between April 1, 1999, and March 31, 2004, the Ontario Electricity Financial Corporation’s unfunded liability (or “stranded debt of the electricity sector”) increased by about $1 billion.

Over the last decade, the government has turned the system around. More than $21 billion has been invested in cleaner generation and over $11 billion has been invested in transmission and distribution infrastructure by Hydro One alone. Ontario’s elimination of coal-fired electricity generation is the single largest greenhouse-gas reduction measure implemented in North America to date, and Ontario is now a North American leader in renewable energy and a world leader in energy technology, innovation and smart grid solutions. Even with all these investments in infrastructure and clean energy, the stranded debt is estimated to have been reduced cumulatively by about $10.5 billion between March 31, 2004, and March 31, 2014, based on interim results — which would be the tenth consecutive year of stranded debt reduction.

Nuclear Refurbishment: Delivering Value for Ontario Ratepayers

Ontario’s updated Long-Term Energy Plan (LTEP) has tasked the province’s two nuclear operators — Bruce Power and Ontario Power Generation (OPG) — to find savings for ratepayers through economies of scale in both refurbishment and operations. Ontario also remains committed to ensuring the province’s nuclear facilities remain publicly owned, while finding greater operational efficiencies and synergies between both organizations.

Chart Descriptions

Chart 1.7: Annual Average Provincial Infrastructure Investment Per Capita

This bar chart compares the average provincial infrastructure investment per capita between two time periods: 1994–95 to 2003–04 and 2004–05 to 2023–24. The average provincial infrastructure investment grew from approximately $250 per capita to an estimated $830 per capita from the first time period to the second.

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Chart 1.8: Highlights of Infrastructure Projects Completed or Underway

These two maps highlight the locations of infrastructure projects completed or underway across the province of Ontario. The first map illustrates infrastructure projects in Northern Ontario, and the second map references projects in Southern Ontario. 

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Chart 1.9: Alternative Financing and Procurement Accomplishments

This chart illustrates the Province’s accomplishments using the Alternative Financing and Procurement (AFP) model in the health care and justice sectors. In the health care sector, Ontario has redeveloped or built hospital projects, including eight complex continuing care/rehabilitation services, eight emergency services, five cancer treatment services and three mental health services. The Province has also completed justice projects, including 18 Ontario Provincial Police facilities, comprising of new detachments, regional command centres and forensic units, five courthouses (with over 90 courtrooms), two correctional facilities and one youth justice detention facility.

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